Under 2 Coalition

(Redirected from Under 2 MOU)


Name of initiative Under2 Coalition
LPAA initiative Yes
NAZCA Initiative Yes
Website address https://www.under2coalition.org/
Related initiatives
Starting year 2015
End year
Secretariat Mathilde Batelier (mbatelier@theclimategroup.org) and Subaskar Sitsabeshan (ssitsabeshan@theclimategroup.org). Under2 Coalition Secretariat, The Climate Group

2nd Floor, Riverside Building, County Hall, Belvedere Rd, London, SE1 7PB, United Kingdom +44 (0)20 7960 2970

Organisational structure The Climate Group acts as secretariat of the Under2 Coalition.

The Under2 Coalition is predominantly driven by state, regional and provincial governments.

Co-Chairs The work of the Under2 Coalition is driven by our Co-Chairs, which represent and promote our collective vision and goals. Our Co-Chairs are: Africa Co-Chair nominee: Willies Mchunu, Premier of KwaZulu-Natal Europe Co-Chair nominee: Winfried Kretschmann, Minister-President of Baden-Württemberg Latin-America Co-Chair nominee: Roberto Miguel Lifschitz, Governor of Santa Fe North-America Co-Chair nominee: Jay Inslee, Governor of Washington

Steering Group

The Co-Chairs are supported by a Steering Group, which determines and oversees the strategic direction.

Our Steering Group member governments are: o Cross River State, Nigeria (Africa) o Australian Capital Territory, Australia (Asia-Pacific) o South Australia, Australia (Asia-Pacific) o Victoria, Australia (Asia-Pacific) o Basque Country, Spain (Europe) o Catalonia, Spain (Europe) o Emilia-Romagna, Italy (Europe) o Lombardy, Italy (Europe) o North-Rhine Westphalia, Germany (Europe) o Wales, United Kingdom (Europe) o Pastaza, Ecuador (Latin America) o São Paulo, Brazil (Latin America) o Tucumán, Argentina (Latin America) o California, United States of America (North America) o Québec, Canada (North America)

Geographical coverage Global
Name of lead organisation The Climate Group
Type of lead organisation NGO/Civil Society
Location/Nationality of lead organisation United Kingdom


Description The Under2 Coalition is driven by a group of ambitious state and regional governments committed to keeping global temperature rises to under 2°C.

The coalition is made up of more than 220 governments who represent over 1.3 billion people and 43% of the global economy.

The Climate Group is the Secretariat to the Under2 Coalition and works with governments to accelerate climate action through three workstreams.

2050 PATHWAYS Deep decarbonization pathway planning: supporting governments to develop robust medium and long-term (2050) emissions reduction plans in line with the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement.

POLICY ACTION Scaling innovative policy solutions: spreading today’s best climate policies and developing new policies to ensure full decarbonization.

TRANSPARENCY Mainstreaming transparency: supporting governments so they have the expertise and systems in place to assess their emissions accurately, track progress and ensure policies remain fit for delivering against climate targets.

Objectives The Under2 MOU brings together ambitious states and regions willing to make a number of key commitments to accelerate climate action. Central to the agreement is that all signatories agree to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions 80 to 95%, or limit to 2 metric tons CO2-equivalent per capita, by 2050.
Activities Under2 MOU is in line with scientifically established emissions levels necessary to limit global warming below 2 degrees Celsius; offers an opportunity for states, regions, and cities to share ideas and best practices on how to reduce GHGs and promote renewable energy; provides a model for other subnationals to join; brings international attention to the actions and ambitious reduction goals of climate leaders at a subnational level around the globe; demonstrates the collective impact of these actions and commitments across states, regions, cities, and countries; and highlights the diversity of approaches to reducing emissions.
One or two success stories achieved - 2019 will see the implementation of three new major projects, NICFI, IKI and Industry Transition Platform (ITP), to work with subnational governments to accelerate climate action in heavily-polluting industry, bring support for monitoring and reporting carbon emissions and work to improve land-use systems: https://www.under2coalition.org/project/transparency

- Future Fund: empowering emerging and developing regions to accelerate climate action: https://www.under2coalition.org/project/future-fund

Monitoring and Impacts

Sustainable Development Impact:
E SDG goals icons-individual-rgb-13.png  
Function of initiative Implementation
Activity of initiative Goal setting (ex-ante)
Goal setting (ex-ante) — Stakeholders who have committed to the goals
Value (#)206
Goal setting (ex-ante) — Total Mitigation
Value (MtCO2e/yr)5000
Goals Central to the agreement is that all signatories agree to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions 80 to 95%, or limit to 2 metric tons CO2-equivalent per capita, by 2050.
Comments on indicators and goals
How will goals be achieved
Have you changed or strenghtened your goals
Progress towards the goals The Climate Group was selected as the Under2 Coalition’s official secretariat at COP21 and secured funding to establish the first phase of the Under2 Coalition. This enabled the establishment of the secretariat, recruitment of further signatories and creation of work streams required in order to support signatories to achieve their deep decarbonization objectives. Specific progress made in 2018 includes:

- A total of 222 jurisdictions have signed or endorsed the Under2 MOU since May 2015. The Coalition now represents over 43% of the global economy, and 1.3 billion people.

- The first sub-national Clean Energy Ministerial was held in San Francisco in June 2016 alongside CEM7. This brought together signatories to the Under2 MOU to share learnings on subnational clean energy policy and participate in a dedicated workshop on long-term pathways planning.

- 37 state and regional government signatories to the Under2 MOU have started reporting to the Compact of States and Regions.

- A dedicated workshop was held for Under2 signatories alongside Climate Week NYC on policy learning for energy efficiency.

- Research on MRV support and guidelines for state and regional governments has commenced including analysis of reporting protocols and methodologies.

How are you tracking progress of your initiative Signatories to the Under2 MOU are invited to report their GHG emissions and climate actions to CDD, in partnership with The Climate Group.
Available reporting Each signatory’s individual objectives in order to reach the Coalition’s common target are described in their Appendix to the Under2 MOU (Memorandum of Understanding) available in 10 languages here: https://www.under2coalition.org/under2-mou.

The appendices are available online in English, Spanish and French: https://www.under2coalition.org/how-join By signing the Under2 MOU, signatories commit to start working towards consistent monitoring, reporting and verification of their GHG emissions. Jurisdictions are also incentivized to annually disclose their climate targets and progress. .


Participants Number Names
Members 221  
Companies 0
Business organisations 0
Research and educational organisations 0
Non-governmental organisations 0
National states 21 Armenia,  Canada,  Chile,  Costa Rica,  Czech Republic,  Denmark,  Fiji,  France,  Germany,  Italy,  Japan,  Luxembourg,  Marshall Islands,  Mexico,  Netherlands,  Norway,  Panama,  Peru,  Sweden,  United Kingdom
Governmental actors 0
Regional / state / county actors 152 Abruzzo,  Acre,  Aguascalientes,  Alsace,  Amazonas (Brazil),  Amazonas (Peru),  Andalusia,  Ararat,  ARDCI (Association of 33 subnationals),  Attica,  Australian Capital Territory,  Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes,  Azores,  Azuay,  Baden-Württemberg,  Baja California,  Baja California Sur,  Basel-Landschaft,  Basel-Stadt,  Basilicata,  Basque Country,  Bas-Rhin,  Bavaria,  British Columbia,  Brittany,  California,  Caquetá,  Catalonia,  Chhattisgarh,  Chiapas,  Colima,  Connecticut,  Cross River State,  Drenthe,  East Kalimantan,  Emilia-Romagna,  Gifu,  Guainía,  Guaviare,  Hawaii,  Hesse,  Hidalgo,  Huánuco,  Jalisco,  Jämtland,  Jiangsu Province,  Kathmandu Valley,  Kotayk,  KwaZulu-Natal,  La Réunion,  Laikipia County,  Lombardy,  Loreto,  Lower Austria,  Lower Saxony,  Madeira,  Madre de Dios,  Massachusetts,  Mato Grosso,  Mexico,  State,  Michoacán,  Midi-Pyrénées,  Minnesota,  Nariño,  Navarra,  New Hampshire,  New York State,  North Brabant,  North Holland,  North Kalimantan,  North Rhine-Westphalia,  Northwest Territories,  Nouvelle-Aquitaine,  Oaxaca,  Ontario,  Oregon,  Papua,  Pastaza,  Pays de la Loire,  Pernambuco,  Piedmont,  Piura,  Québec,  Queensland,  Queretaro,  Quintana Roo,  Rhineland-Palatinate,  Rhode Island,  Rio de Janeiro,  Rondônia,  San Martín,  Santa Fe,  São Paulo State,  Sardinia,  Schleswig-Holstein,  Scotland,  Shirak,  Sichuan Province,  Sonora,  South Australia,  South Holland,  South Sumatra,  Tabasco,  Telangana,  Thuringia,  Tocantins,  Tucumán,  Ucayali,  Veneto,  Vermont,  Victor,  Virginia,  Wales,  Wallonia,  Washington,  West Bengal,  West Kalimantan,  Western Cape,  Yucatán
City / municipal actors 48 Akershus,  Alliance of Peaking Pioneer Cities (APPC),  Association of Cities of County Rank,  Atlanta City,  Austin City,  Beijing City,  Boulder City,  Bristol City,  Broward County,  Budapest City,  Chungnam,  Greater Manchester City,  Guédiawaye City,  Los Angeles City,  Mexico City,  Montgomery County (MD),  Nampula City,  New York City,  Oakland City,  Orlando City,  Pittsburgh City,  Portland City,  Quelimane City,  Sacramento City,  San Francisco City,  Santiago City,  São Paulo City,  Seattle City,  Vancouver City,  Zhenjiang City
Intergovernmental organisations 0
Financial Institutions 0
Other members 0
Supporting partners 0
Number of members in the years
Have only national states as participators No


Transport Agriculture Forestry Business Financial institutions Buildings Industry Waste Cities and subnational governments Short Term Pollutants International maritime transport Energy Supply Fluorinated gases Energy efficiency Renewable energy Supply chain emission reductions Adaptation Other Resilience Innovation Energy Access and Efficiency Private Finance
Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes No
Last update: 30 January 2019 13:18:39

Not only have national states as participators